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These notes are intended to assist the climber or scrambler who has already gained some knowledge of rock climbing and is fully aware of its risks but still wishes to delve into the arcane and dangerous world of Canyoning. They are brief and not designed to be comprehensive in any way. Ultimately climbing is a dangerous sport and claims many casualties each year. One of the guiding principals of British climbing and mountaineering is that it is the individual climber is responsible for his or her own safety. If you cannot accept this then this site and probably climbing in general is unlikely to suit you. May we refer you to this very interesting site instead!
Needle Sports is very grateful to Al Hewison, a very experienced canyoneer and climber, who supplied all the canyoning pictures and information on this page.
The idea is to follow the water downwards: over drops into pools, down chutes and through deep water. This involves walking, scrambling, climbing and swimming. Vertical drops are either jumped or abseiled from in situ bolts. The situations are often breathtaking with dramatic unspoilt scenery, at times the sky can disappear from view as the walls close in above you, the water may take you through huge boulder chokes or even underground for a while. They can be long and arduous or easy and short but be warned they are all about FUN and are seriously addictive! What follows is a beginner's guide to canyoning.
Where? In Europe the classic areas are in France and Spain - Vercors, Provence and the Verdon, Alpes de Sud, Cevennes, Languedoc - Rousillon, Pyrenees, Haut Aragon, Siera de la Guara, Monte Perdu and the Odesa National Park. (There have also been more recent developments in the Alpine areas as a commercial activity in the summer months).
When? It really depends on the area, for the big mean ones you may need to wait for summer, but others can be dry/stagnant then and spring or autumn are better bets. Winter climbers please note: some canyoneers do it in winter and jump through the ice!!
Skills? You should be able to swim,abseil and put one foot in front of the other. (anyone who has climbed or caved should not have any problems)
Danger? You only have to gaze upwards at huge tree trunks splintered like matchsticks 20 feet above you, to appreciate that canyons are not good places to be in flood conditions! Common sense and "le meteo" should avoid this problem. Some canyons are very committing (i.e. no escape) so don't get too ambitious until you appreciate the problems that tiredness and exposure can cause to a group.The main danger is from sprains/breaks, usually from unseen boulders underwater. Shiny white plaster casts are not uncommon on canyoning campsites!! Golden Rule....Don't jump unless you're sure of your landing. Oh, and don't forget to watch out for snakes!
Frightening? Not really, although some of the jumps are guaranteed adrenalin rushes! (but you can always abseil).
Photo Above: Soo Redshaw wearing out her wetsuit, Clue de Maglia, France.
Any standard descender designed for climbing or caving will be fine, but the new Petzl Pirana listed below is designed to be clipped and unclipped from the rope without being removed from the harness - very useful when there is every chance of fumbling it with numb fingers and dropping it into a deep pool.
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